India, a great country, which is recognized for being the land of joyful festivals. Among these festive occasions, there’s Diwali that is one of the biggest celebrated festivals in India.
Diwali is also called the festival of lights; therefore, all Indians celebrate this day with pleasure. To put it correctly, Diwali is the carnival that signifies the conquest of light against darkness. Continue to read further to dig deep into this amazing festival.
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Each year in October or November, Hindus throughout the globe celebrate this lightning festive amazingly, it was started around 2,500 years ago. In India, Diwali is celebrated for 5 days, and therefore, it is the longest festival that is celebrated in India.
The 5 days of Diwali starts with Dhanteras. On this day, Indians buy silver or gold because they consider it an auspicious day to buy. The second day is Narak Chaturdasi, which is the fourteenth lunar day, and to fend off evils, 14 days are lightened up in every home.
The third day is Diwali and people celebrate it happily. On the fourth day, Hindus perform Govardhan Pooja by offering food to Krishna Bhagwan. The fifth and final day is Bhai Dooj, in which sisters pray for their brother’s long life.
This festival has a beautiful story unfolded that is written in the Holy Book of Hindus, Ramayana. In accordance with Ramayana, Bhagwan Rama, who was the prince residing in Ayodhya was commanded by the King of Ayodhya and Rama’s father, Raja Dasharatha, to leave the country, and return after spending 14 years in the forest.
Raja Dasharatha sent Rama into exile because one of his wives and Rama’s stepmother, Kekayi asked him to do so.
Rama loved his father and obliged to his orders. He left Ayodhya and went into the forest, but his faithful wife, Mata Sita, and loyal brother, Lakshmana accompanied him in his journey. They lived in the forest for a while, and one day, a cruel king, Ravana kidnapped Mata Sita and took her to his own land, Lanka.
The reason why Ravana kidnapped Sita was that Lakshman insulted Ravana’s sister, Surpanakha in front of a bunch of people by tearing out her nose. Therefore, Ravana kidnapped Sita to take revenge from Lakshman.
When Rama came to know about it, without wasting any time, he went to save Sita. Rama succeeded in saving her with the help of Hanuman and his monkey army. When Hanuman brought Sita back to Rama, Ravana became furious and traveled towards India from Lanka to fight Rama.
The war continued for 13 days, and finally, Rama defeated and killed Ravana. Rama, Sita, and Lakshman after beating Ravana came back to Ayodhya completing their 14 years in the forest.
All thepeople in Ayodhya were very happy when they heard this good news and startedpreparations to welcome their prince of Ayodhya. In order to celebrate the victoryof Rama, all the people illuminated their houses using lamps or diyas, theyburst fireworks and adorned the whole city with decorative items. This is thereason the tradition of this joyous festival is still going on.
How Is Diwali Celebrated?
There area few customs that are executed on each Diwali every year, and withoutfollowing them, Diwali remains incomplete. The rituals are:
- Cleaningthe house
It is saidthat on every Diwali, Lakshmi Mata, the Goddess of money visits the clean homeand bestows the residents with lots of happiness and wealth. Therefore,cleaning the house is an age-old custom for Diwali.
BeforeDiwali, people purchase new clothes to wear on this propitious day. It showshonor and enthusiasm for this festival. Men mostly wear kurtas with dhoti orshalwars on this day, whereas women prefer to wear eastern suits.
With happiness, Diwali brings a lot of food, and the famous food of Diwali is sweets. People share sweets with each other to strengthen their bond and relationships. The famous sweets exchanged in Diwali are peda, ladoo, chakli, barfi, and kaju katlis.
People, especiallywomen and girls embellish their houses by making rangoli, an artwork that ismade in a circular or any other shape using rice powder. Rangoli is made withdifferent bright colors and is mostly adorned at the entrance of the home.
- Diyas andlamps lighting
Diyas arean inseparable part of the celebration of Diwali. Lightning diyas means toenlighten your own self and developing from deep darkness to illumination.Diyas turn the house into a bright and beautiful area, and they are kept in thecorners of the house. Additionally, candles, ornamented lights, and hanginglamps are also used to make the home look beautiful aesthetically.
- Ganesh andLakshmi Pooja
Ganesh andLakshmi Pooja are performed in every house where Diwali is celebrated. LakshmiPujan is done to greet wealth and richness in the house. On the other hand,Ganesha Bhagwan’s prayer brings a promising start of the new year.
Who Celebrates Diwali?
Diwali isobserved by Hindus, Buddhists, Jains, and Sikhs, even though this event marksdistinct traditional stories and legends for every faith. This celebrationsymbolizes the exact same characteristic success of lightness against the dark,wisdom against barbarism, and good against bad.
Although,Diwali is honored all over India including Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, West Bengal,Assam, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, and Goa. However,Marathi and South Indian people celebrate this festival as well by visiting thetemples.
Diwali iscommemorated not only in India but in various other countries of the world,which includes Guyana, Malaysia, Mauritius, Singapore, Trinidad, Britain,Japan, Africa, Pakistan, Fiji, Nepal, Myanmar, Srilanka, Tobago, Indonesia,Thailand, America, and Australia among the Hindu people.
Conclusively, Diwali is a celebration, in which individuals salt away all ill feelings, forget their issues and complications, and have fun on this day to their utmost capacity. Diwali festival enhances the relationships and feelings of love among the members of a family.
To conclude, this festival does not only bring individuals together, but it also offers objective and trust through the utilization of customs and festivities.